- With waterstains and creases along edges; a few sm. holes.
= A drawing on late 18th cent. Dutch paper w. watermark "J. Hessels" (±1790-1800, Ugchelen). Accurate early 19th century copy after or possibly by Kawahara Keiga (1786-1860) himself. The same composition by Kawahara is now in the collection of the Smithsonian. Keiga Kawahara made drawings in commission for the botanist P.F. von Siebold in Dejima, Nagasaki. In the 18th and 19th century there was a great demand for so-called 'ningyo', mermaids or seacreatures. They were mostly constructed from monkeys and large carp or other fish by taxidermists and put on display in Japanese sideshows called misemono. The drawing in the Smithsonian was originally sold in Amsterdam in 1995. According to an annotation on verso of this drawing, it was sold in auction in 1946 at De Brakke Grond, Amsterdam. There are also copies of the drawing in the Museum of Volkenkunde. SEE ILLUSTRATION PLATE LXXXII.