1981 - 2186
AFRICANA, mainly from the collection of Joost Willink (including TRIBAL ART)
= Box for bones of an ancestor with a Fang figure on top.
= Possibly a so-called "jonyeleni" statue, a wooden female figure used in an ancient ritual of the Bamana or Bambara people from Mali.
= One of the three royal Kuba masks, this mask represents "Bwoom". In Kuba tradition, Bwoom speaks for the common man. SEE ILLUSTRATION PLATE XCVI.
- The horse is damaged.
= This sickle-shaped knife was not used as a weapon but as a form of currency and as a symbol of rank among the Mangbetu people.
= SEE ILLUSTRATION PLATE XCVI.
= These helmet masks depict males of noble lineage and represent power and authority. Rank and other information is conveyed by the noble coiffures, double-lobed knitted caps and ornate crests using various motifs restricted to royalty.
- Mask is dustsoiled and covered in dirt (?).
= Probably a Ntomo horned face mask which was used for ceremonial purposes. The number of horns indicated the sex of the mask, in this case male. SEE ILLUSTRATION PLATE XCVI.
- One sm. hole on right side of nose, probably a peeping hole.
= Probably a Kunin statue, normally a seated female figure with a tri-crested coiffure. The geometric scarification patterns and the serene facial expression incarnate a physical and moral ideal within Baule society.
= Mumuye artists are famous for their wooden statues known as iagalagana. Even though the Mumuye show great respect for their ancestors, their statuary does not depict ancestors, but rather incarnates tutelary spirits. This sculpture was used for divination purposes.